Building information modelling (BIM) is a process by which the AEC industries experts complete their projects in a short time with quality. Now BIM is considered as a useful tool for facility maintenance. When the design team is using BIM, the facility managers are employed in the initial design stage to reap the benefits from BIM.
The knowledge about building life cycle generally contains various types and patterns. BIM digitally speaks for the data repository of all information related to the building life cycle. It helps to take over and store the information from each design phase for future use.
BIM for Design and Construction: After the formation of building model by the architects and designers, the facility managers start their work. The facility managers can easily preview room and equipment data sheet in the design phase and provide their suggestions quickly. Before construction of the actual building in the jobsite, proper space management is very crucial. BIM helps facility managers to have clear ideas on spaces derived from the model and thus accomplish multidisciplinary tasks like sell space, make proper plan for placing people and departments as well as develop the move-in process before it starts.
If BIM is implemented efficiently to gain maximum advantages, the construction cost is minimized levera effectively leveraging BIM can result in considerably. In a BIM model, any conflicts in the design stage can be identified virtually by several disciplines before the commencement of the actual construction. Thus BIM saves huge costs for fixing this error. Construction managers can also develop construction of the project by judging which materials should be delivered on construction site and at what time. With BIM, the designers and facility managers will get the ability to easily choose from several design options and relate diverse ecological or sustainability options useful for controlling the long-term costs for building maintenance. BIM models can also be used for post-construction facility maintenance.
BIM for Maintenance: Information about building mechanical equipment stored in BIM models which shows more value to facility managers and owners. It has a list of data regarding assets and assets maintenance requirements which helps construction related individuals. By the help of BIM model Facility managers can import data from the building model which helps to maintain the construction, design and maintenance schedule for equipment and related assets.
Building Professionals can undertake proper planning for the maintenance of the assets as they can easily access facility maintenance data from a BIM model.
BIM can be used in visualization, designing renovations and work planning. Many of the maintenance manuals are seen difficult to use and utilizing BIM in daily work requires software that is easy to use. A possible way is transferring information from models to software already used in FM and maintenance. This requires technology to transfer needed information from software to another.
BIM for Renovation: When dealing with a renovation or developing a new project, BIM process takes a major part throughout building life cycle.
An excellent systematic renovation process for a building reduces risk of mistake for engineering, architectural, social value including interior and exterior of building for refurbishment, finance issues and energy efficiency. BIM saves both time and money than a model built in 2D and hard copy documents. Now the professionals, who use BIM platforms, need not to re-construct the current location. With the BIM data the facility manager can track the current situation with his estimated one and giving a brief report concerning real costs over the life cycle of construction (Building). Now there are many tools available in the market and construction organizations use these for digitalization to create a model and from that model they can make changes to the proposed construction.
End Stage: BIM helps to decide whether to renovate and rebuild. It helps to estimates accurate cost both capital expenditure and operational expenditure than computer aided design as it helps construction experts to make more precise renovation against new construction cost predictions. Uses of upgraded BIM software improve efficiencies in the design, development and review process. It also help to identify errors earlier to minimize costly rework during construction and help to cut time, effort and cost of space, asset, and facilities management throughout the building lifecycle. So BIM is essential for a building throughout its life cycle.
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