BIM brings all elements of a building layout together into one complete system; it is no longer a collection of unconnected parts. The plumbing exists in context with the electrical work and one will see if there are some conflicts that may build the development or renovation method more difficult.
Internet of Things - IoT is the environment of physical object embedded with electronics, software, sensors and connectivity to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
The Internet of Things can allow to collect real time operational data about everything and combined that information so that for understanding the relationship between the relationship between the things and derive patterns about how the things interoperate.
Project Dasher connects BIM with the IoT
Benefits for Construction
Construction needs exactness in most all aspects of building beginning with the grading and layout of the building for excavation of foundations then on to installing the building systems, equipment and finishes of the building. This exactness is what every specialised trade’s craftsman has learned over years from the apprentice to the master craftsman.
From the Masons of the centre Ages to the specialty trades of nowadays, construction has needed a system to show entry level craftsmen the “tools of the trade”. Compressed schedules and therefore the ups and downs of construction employment are making it tougher for good trade contractor to recruit train and maintain an employee who has the required experience and skills to make to the very best quality. This can seemingly cut down rework possibility, increase safety and provide a bridge to specialised data of a craft.
The IoT will provide several advantages to construction and has some features for developing productivity and quality by giving crafts staff increased knowledge, exactness skills and different advantages currently being outlined. Upgraded tools have the potential to form the typical employee an expert, increase productivity whereas maintaining the very best exactness within the field.
Benefits for Buildings Design
There are two aspects to be thought of once brooding about the applying of IoT in building style: one is that the design of the building and other is that the tools that are used for the layout. If all buildings within the future can have a network of good Internet-enabled devices connected with alternative one another and capable of operational while not human intervention - as IoT envisions—how can this impact their design? In other words, do we have to design “smart” buildings differently from existing “non-smart” buildings? It would seem so but it might still be too early to provide a definitive answer, let alone anticipate what the changes might be until IoT gets more pervasive and commonplace.
Sensors to monitor building performance including, lighting, motion and carbon dioxide.
If buildings in the IoT era will be designed differently, it seems logical to conclude that the software applications used for designing them will also change. With regard to BIM authoring tools, there would certainly be additional “placeholders” to capture the additional “smart” properties of a building element. Presumably, the BIM application also has to take into account how these smart elements will interact with each other, simulating them digitally as they would behave in real life. So, for example, if a smart beam and a smart column “know” that they have to fit together in a certain way when they are being constructed, the design tool has to take that into account and make sure they come together in the same way in the BIM model.
Exploring the heat of a building
Some new devices for buildings like smart thermostats, talking fridges and lights that react to presence are starting to see with the IoT. For an older building, the professional set about creating a network of sensors and software to monitor things in the building like the movement of occupants in the building to adjust heating levels as people congregate and the position of the sun changes, amount of lighting relative to natural light entering the building and levels of energy usage. This creates a lot of data for building operations people to deal with. The Professionals developed great ways to represent the data in the context of building. Designers could use the same tools that building operation people use to simulate the building before it is built. They can try different sustainability techniques and technologies for optimal building performance. When IoT add to BIM, it helps day to day operations and management of the building.
Source : www.autodeskresearch.com